Gabatarwa da aikace-aikacen na'ura mai ɗaukar hoto wucewa irin nau'in harbi mai wuta

Gabatarwa da aikace-aikace na injin ƙwallon wuta na wuta

Na'urar fashewa wani nau'ikan fasahar kulawa ne don fashewar yashi na karfe da karfe mai harbi a saman kayan abu tare da babban saurin injin harbi mai harbi. Idan aka kwatanta da sauran fasahohin jiyya na sama, yana da sauri, ya fi dacewa, kuma zai iya iya kiyaye wani ɓangare ko ɗaukan yadda ake jan ƙafa.

Kamfanonin Amurka ne suka fara harba na'urar harbe harbe a duniya a cikin shekarun 1930. Fina-fain da aka yi a China ya fara ne a shekarun 1950, akasarin yin amfani da fasahar tsohuwar Soviet Union.

Hakanan za'a iya amfani da injin harbi mai harbi don cire burrs, Sikeli da tsatsa waɗanda zasu iya shafar mutunci, bayyanar, ko ma'anar sassan abubuwa. Na'urar fashewar harbe har ila yau zata iya cire abubuwa masu gurɓataccen abu daga wani ɓangaren da aka rufe da kuma samar da yanayin farfajiya wanda ke ƙara ɗimbin rufin don ƙarfafa aikin aikin.

Roller wucewa harbi inji

Na'urar fashewa mai harbi ya bambanta da injin harbi da ke cikin in da ake amfani da shi don rage rayuwar gajiya don ƙara damuwa daban-daban, ƙara ƙarfin ɓangaren, ko hana tashin hankali.

Range na aikace-aikace

Kasa tsabtatawa

An fara amfani da kayan fashewa mai harbi a masana'antar simintin don cire sandar farfajiya da fatar daskararren ƙarfe da baƙin ƙarfe.

Kusan dukkanin ƙarfe, yaruka, launin toka, gwanayen ƙarfe, guda baƙin ƙarfe da sauransu dole ne ya harba. Wannan ba don cire fata da yashi bane kawai akan shimfidar simintin gyaran kafa ba, har ma tsari ne mai mahimmanci wanda zai zama dole kafin a duba yanayin ingancin. Misali, kafin binciken lalacewa mai lalacewa mai lalacewa, dole ne a aiwatar da tsaftataccen harbi mai tsafta don tabbatar da amincin sakamakon binciken.

A gaba ɗaya aikin samar da kifin, tsaftacewa mai ƙwanƙwasa ƙa'idar tsari ne mai mahimmanci don gano lahani na farfajiya kamar su katsewa, ramin slag, yashi, rufin sanyi, kwasfa da sauransu.

Tsabtace farfaɗo da ƙwararren ƙarfe mara nauyi, kamar gwal mai ƙamshi da gwal na ƙarfe, ban da cire fata ta oxide da gano lahani na ƙura, manyan makasudin shine harbi mai harbi don cire burrs na mutu da kuma samun ingancin ƙasa tare da mahimmancin kayan ado. , don samun cikakken sakamako. A cikin aikin ƙarfe da aikin ƙarfe, ƙwanƙwasa harbi ko tsinkaye shine aikin injiniya ko sunadarai don cire fata na phosphorus don tabbatar da babban aiki a cikin aikin ƙarfe.

A cikin samar da silicon karfe takardar, bakin karfe takardar da sauran alloy karfe faranti da kuma tube, harbi wuta ko pickling magani dole ne a da za'ayi bayan annealing a cikin sanyi mirgine tsari don tabbatar da surface roughness da kauri daidaito na sanyi yi birgima faranti faranti.

Abubuwan zane don ƙarfafawa

Dangane da ka'idar ƙarfin ƙarfe na zamani, ƙara yawan dislocation a cikin ƙarfe shine babban jagora don inganta ƙarfin ƙarfe.

An tabbatar da cewa fashewar harbi wata dabara ce mai kyau don haɓaka tsarin rarrabuwa. Wannan yana da mahimmancin gaske ga wasu sassan ƙarfe waɗanda ba za a iya taurararsu da canjin lokaci ba (kamar su tauraron martensite) ko buƙatar ƙarin ƙarfafawa bisa tushen canzawar lokaci.

Haɗin jirgin sama, masana'antar aerospace, motoci, tarakta da sauran sassa suna buƙatar ingancin haske, amma abubuwan dogaro suna ƙaruwa da girma, muhimmin ma'aunin fasaha shine amfani da fasahar harbi mai ƙarfi don inganta ƙarfin ƙarfi da gajiya na abubuwan.


Lokacin aikawa: Jul-18-2020